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Here’s what you need to know:
• “We will not be cowed.” That was Mayor Bill de Blasio of New York, one day after a truck attack that killed eight people. Among those killed were five Argentines celebrating their 30th high school reunion and a Belgian mother of two.
The suspect, an Uzbek immigrant named Sayfullo Saipov, has been charged with carrying out the attack in the name of the Islamic State. The group has not claimed responsibility, but our correspondent notes that it often does not when a recruit is captured alive.
We delve into Uzbekistan’s repressive politics and economic failures and examine again when an attack is deemed “terrorism.”
Adding to national dismay, there was a mass shooting at a Walmart in Colorado. Three people were confirmed dead.
• On Twitter, President Trump said that Sayfullo Saipov should be executed. Mr. Trump had said earlier he would consider sending Mr. Saipov to the U.S. prison at Guantánamo Bay, Cuba. He also called on Congress to cancel the diversity visa program through which Mr. Saipov entered the country.
(Above, supporting documents submitted for one immigrant’s permanent residency application.)
Here are some of the Facebook ads a Russian company with ties to the Kremlin bought to influence last year’s U.S. presidential election (including one that features Jesus arm-wrestling a Clinton-backing Satan).
• The former leader of Catalonia, Carles Puigdemont, will not appear before a Spanish judge today to face possible charges including rebellion, his Belgian lawyer said, offering that Mr. Puigdemont be questioned in Belgium.
Some members of his cabinet have returned to Barcelona from Brussels. Nineteen separatist leaders are expected to appear in two Spanish courts this week.
In an Op-Ed, Mr. Puigdemont’s deputy, now deposed, argues that future elections could help advance the separatist struggle.
• “The president of the rich.”
That’s an unwanted title critics have bestowed on Emmanuel Macron, the French president, over his overhaul of the labor law and some taxation meant to reinvigorate the country’s stalled economy.
“We’ve got to stop being obsessed by the rich, and start being obsessed by poverty traps,” an adviser to Mr. Macron told our correspondent.
• Big news in American baseball: The World Series trophy is going to Houston for the first time. The Astros defeated the Dodgers, 5-1, in Game 7 to clinch the championship.
In the Champions League, Tottenham stunned Real Madrid, the titleholder, 3-1.
And in tennis, Rafael Nadal will finish the year as the top-ranked male player for the fourth time thanks to a win at the Paris Masters.
• Amid the widespread backlash against the “Frightful Five” internet giants like Google and Facebook, our columnist wonders: What if their power and reach are not so bad after all?
• The enthusiasm for science education rests on the expectation that related fields are flush with job opportunities. That expectation is not necessarily true.
• Here’s a snapshot of global markets.
In the News
• More than 600 refugees and asylum seekers on Manus Island in Papua New Guinea stockpiled supplies and dug in after Australia cut off the offshore detention center’s food, water and electricity. [The New York Times]
• The Palestinian Authority took control of border crossings in Gaza, the most tangible sign of progress in a deal with Hamas that could ease the territory’s isolation. [The New York Times]
• Britain’s defense secretary, Michael Fallon, has resigned over allegations about his past conduct, amid sexual harassment complaints against British politicians. [The New York Times]
• A French court is set to rule today on whether Abdelkader Merah, the older brother of a jihadist who shot dead seven people in 2012, was complicit in the killings. [Agence France-Presse]
• An airstrike at a street market in Yemen killed at least 25 civilians, local officials said. [The New York Times]
• Sweden is paying for a former U.S. government official, who resigned in protest over the Trump administration’s climate policy, to attend the U.N.’s climate conference in Germany next week. [Bloomberg]
• Barack Obama left behind a Democratic Party struggling to reconnect with voters in time for the 2018 elections. “We’re just not hearing what’s on people’s minds,” a lawmaker said. [The New York Times Magazine]
• 500 years after Martin Luther started the Reformation, one of our columnists asks who won in the religious dispute. Commercial interests and the authoritarian state, he writes. [The New York Times]
Tips, both new and old, for a more fulfilling life.
• Grab yourself an accountability partner. (Better than a punch in the nose!)
• Google’s new alternative to passwords may be a better way to safeguard your online accounts.
• Recipe of the day: White Bolognese sauce is a delicious spin on an Italian classic.
• The American artist Frank Stella, above, best known for his Minimalist and abstract styles, will tell you that, without travel, he wouldn’t have been able to sustain his long career. We asked him about his favorite cities.
• In memoriam: Peter Schutz, a Jewish refugee from Nazi Germany who returned to become a Porsche executive and save the signature 911 model from oblivion, died at 87.
• The Gurlitt collection, hailed as the “most important discovery of Nazi-era looted art,” is finally on display in exhibitions in Bern and Bonn.
• A fossil found near Madrid appears to be an ancient European ancestor of giraffes.
• Spoiler alert: One of the judges at the “Great British Bake Off” mistakenly posted the show’s winner before the broadcast of the final installment of the show, which has been hailed as a unifying force in Britain.
Sixty years ago this week, the first animal was launched into orbit: Laika, a stray dog found on the streets of Moscow.
On Nov. 3, 1957, Soviet scientists covered Laika in a special spacesuit, placed her in the Sputnik 2 satellite and launched her toward the heavens.
“She barked greetings to her audience into the microphone,” according to a Times report at the time, citing Soviet media.
Laika, of course, did not return. Questions about her fate were resolved only in 2002, when it was revealed that she died just hours after launch.
In 1960, another Soviet mission sent canine cosmonauts to space. This time, they returned to Earth safely after orbiting the planet.
The dogs, Belka and Strelka, traveled in separate compartments, connected by a window. Rats, mice and flies were also on their flight.
In 1961, Jacqueline Kennedy, the U.S. first lady, asked the Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev about the two dogs, and he ordered one of Strelka’s puppies to be sent to the White House as a gift.
One of President Kennedy’s other dogs, a Welsh terrier, soon bonded with the Soviet puppy, and they had four puppies of their own, which Kennedy called “pupniks.”
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