French presidential candidate Emmanuel Macron appeared to cement his position as the front-runner after his clash with far-right rival Marine Le Pen in Wednesday evening’s final TV debate.
French pundits, newspapers and a highly regarded viewers’ poll all declared the centrist candidate the most convincing.
The candidates traded insults for more than two hours, arguing over terrorism, the economy, and Europe.
The second round run-off between the pair takes place on Sunday.
Both candidates were hoping to make an impression on the estimated 18% of undecided voters in the first election the country has ever held without a candidate from the two traditional mainstream parties.
The French broadcaster BFMTV found viewers had a more favourable view of Mr Macron than Ms Le Pen in most categories.
He was the “most convincing” of the pair in the opinion of 63% of those interviewed.
The major French newspapers broadly agree in their Thursday morning editorials.
The issues – and the insults
Mr Macron enjoys a healthy lead in the opinion polls. But during the key debate, Ms Le Pen lambasted him on his record as economy minister in the Socialist government – a post he quit to form his En Marche! movement.
The National Front candidate accused him of being “the candidate of savage globalisation” and said his version of France “is a trading room, where it will be everyone fighting for themselves”.
In turn, Mr Macron said Ms Le Pen had openly lied, proposed nothing, and exaggerated the concerns of the public.
“The high priestess of fear is sitting before me,” he said.
On unemployment, which stands at around 10% nationally, Mr Macron acknowledged that the country had not tackled the problem – and Ms Le Pen asked why he had not handled it during his recent time as economy minister.
She also accused him of complacency about the threat of radical Islamist terrorism. “Security and terrorism are major issues that are completely missing from your programme,” she said.
But in response, Mr Macron said the measures she proposed – “eradicating” Islamic fundamentalism by shutting down extremist mosques, and expelling preachers of hate – were “snake oil” that played into terrorists’ hands and the desire they had for a “civil war”.
They also clashed on the future of the European Union – another issue where they are clearly opposed.
Ms Le Pen has said she would call for an in-out referendum on EU membership, and in recent days declared the euro currency finished.
During the debate, she said she would restore France’s national currency and give companies and banks an option on which currency to pay in – a proposal which Mr Macron labelled “nonsense”.
Macron the clear favourite: Hugh Schofield, BBC Paris correspondent
This turned into a tense, at times incendiary exchange, between two leaders with starkly opposing ideas about the road France needs to take.
Marine Le Pen, who lags badly in the opinion polls, had clearly decided that the best tactic was to launch a full-frontal attack on Emmanuel Macron.
Constantly throughout the debate she threw insults and allegations at him, accusing him of being part of the discredited existing order.
But there was little substance to her attacks, and over and again Emmanuel Macron was able to expose the weaknesses in her arguments – especially over the economy and the euro.
The debate will have done nothing to alter his position as clear favourite in Sunday’s vote.
- Read more from Hugh: ‘Unworthy’ debate was still great viewing
The BFMTV poll was carried out among 1,314 people over the age of 18 who watched the television debate.
It found that Mr Macron was deemed the “most convincing” for two-thirds of those who voted for both left-wing candidate Jean-Luc Mélenchon in the first round, and for 58% of those who voted for Republican François Fillon.
Mr Macron also led among voters when they were asked about which candidate was most honest, most aligned with the voters’ values, and had the best plans.
- The issues dividing Le Pen and Macron
- Five things the French election has told us
- In depth: Emmanuel Macron’s meteoric rise
- In depth: FN moderniser Marine Le Pen
Wednesday night’s debate marked the last time the two candidates faced each other before Sunday’s vote.
Just two days of campaigning remain before reporting restrictions come into force late on Friday evening – and remain in place until polls close on Sunday.
‘Unprecedented brutality’ – French press review
French newspapers were taken aback by the open hostility on display during Tuesday night’s debate.
Le Figaro saw Ms Le Pen adopt a “strategy of total war that consisted of bombarding her opponent without respite”. Mr Macron, it says, “dominated his opponent on economic issues” during a debate of “unprecedented brutality”.
Liberation accuses Ms Le Pen of “drowning the debate in an avalanche of disinformation” and publishes a list of what it says are false or exaggerated statements made by her.
Le Monde also firmly comes down on the side of Mr Macron, who it says “repeatedly denounced the ‘nonsense’ by the candidate of the National Front – often rightly”.
Les Echos takes issue with the aggressive tone of the debate, saying the candidates “spent more time attacking each other” than explaining future reforms.
Last updated April 25, 2017
*Polling results up to this date show how people said they would vote on 7 May, if Macron and Le Pen reached the second round
The polling average line looks at the five most recent national polls and takes the median value, ie, the value between the two figures that are higher and two figures that are lower.
French election: Macron declared ‘winner’ of final debate}